Paradox Principle

Adrian Williams: Dialectical Psychology

As explained by Walford (1981) with references back to Harold Walsby’s paper The Paradox Principle and Modular Systems Generally, the particular value of dialectical logic lies in the comprehension of intellectual and social matters. For the process of manipulating the physical world in order to survive as individuals or as a society formal logic is… read more »

George Walford: Language, Yes, But Truth? And Logic?

A book which has hovered in the background of philosophical discussion for several decades is Ayer’s Language, Truth and Logic. According to the blurb on my Penguin copy it is “the original English manifesto of Logical Positivism. It remains the classic statement of this form of empiricist philosophy and still retains its interest after more… read more »

Peter Shepherd: The Walsby Society

When Harold Walsby died suddenly at his home in the Lake District early in May 1973, he had not lived in London for some twenty years and no organized group concerned with promulgating or pursuing his views had existed for at least seventeen years. Only a few of his friends and former associates in London… read more »

Harold Walsby: Appendix to The Paradox Principle and Modular Systems Generally

GEOMETRY LOGIC CLASSICAL(dominant 2,000 years) REVOLUTIONARY(challenging the classical) CLASSICAL(dominant 2,000 years) REVOLUTIONARY(challenging the classical) SYSTEM Euclidean Non-Euclidian Aristotolean Non-Aristotolean ELEMENTS lines and points classes and individuals CRUCIAL ELEMENTS parallels opposites GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF CRUCIAL ELEMENTS Eeuclidean parallels are special kinds of lines involving at least two lines and an intervening boundary-space Aristotolian opposites are special… read more »

Harold Walsby: The Paradox Principle and Applications

So far, we have only-considered cases where the modulus is finite. In these systems, infinity appears as implied (therefore potential only) by the indefinite repetition of the finite modular system. That is it is implied by the self-representation or self-reproduction of the system. The finite – modular system itself consists of the finite set of… read more »

Harold Walsby: Models for Self-Contradiction

On considering the examples just given, we are forcibly reminded of a phenomenon which occurs, just occasionally, in thousands of homes. It occurs whenever we see on our television screens a picture of the commentator sitting beside a television set which shows a picture of the commentator sitting beside a television set which shows a… read more »

Harold Walsby: Infinity and Self-Contradiction

Soon after the discovery of the calculus by Newton and Leibniz, problems of consistency in mathematics arose which centred around the concept of “infinity,” i.e. “infinitesimals” or “infinitely small quantities.” The inconsistencies, together with ensuing disputes among mathematicians and philosophers, were not allayed until the middle of the last century. Whether or not Weierstrass, Dedekind… read more »

Harold Walsby: Meaningful Self-Contradictions

Aristotle’s Principle, as we have just seen, implies the existence of some contradictions and denies the existence of others. This would account for the otherwise inexplicable fact that it is sometimes called “the Principle of Contradiction” and sometimes “the Principle of Non-contradiction,” titles which are in flat contradiction of one another! Strictly, of course, since… read more »

Harold Walsby: Three Types of Contradictions

The limits one may set to the term “contradiction” are to some extent arbitrary, since the word is normally used in different senses. I shall use the term in the widest sense compatible with my immediate object. This follows excellent precedent. For example, Aristotle’s Principle is generally applied to “contraries” (such as “black” and “white”)… read more »

Harold Walsby: Do Self-Contradictions Exist?

Before one can deliberately, systematically sit back to contemplate life and its problems, one must have the more urgent preoccupations of the struggle for life taken off one’s mind (and hands). The institution of chattel-slavery made possible the creation of a class society with the more intelligent members of the leisured class roughly divided into… read more »